Ever wonder how much energy was used in growing, harvesting and transporting coffee from the fields to your coffee shop? What about the water used to grow cotton, dye yarn, and manufacture your company's best-selling t-shirt?

Life Cycle Inventory Assessments (LCIA) can help you understand the environmental impacts of your products and services.

Generally, there are 5 stages in a product’s life cycle:

  • Raw material acquisition
  • Manufacturing
  • Distribution, storage and retail
  • Use
  • Disposal and end-of-life

A study of the impacts from all 5 stages is known as a “cradle-to-grave” inventory. Upstream GHG emissions or water consumption up to the point of sale to the end user (stages 1-3) is called a “cradle-to-gate” inventory.

Benefits of a life cycle inventory:

  • Understand your product’s full impact on climate change and freshwater resources
  • Differentiate your product or service
  • Identify cost savings opportunities in the value chain
  • Incorporate carbon liabilities into decision making
  • Mitigate environmental and regulatory risks